I am trained as an experimental social psychologist at Geneva University where I received my PhD in 2005 and worked as a Lecturer for a few years. Since 2011 I have been a Full Professor in Social Psychology at Poitiers University. My research focuses on several aspects of social cognition including the self, comparison processes, and the regulation of negative thoughts and emotions. One of my primary lines of research centers on understanding how negative beliefs and expectations (group stereotypes) bias self-evaluation and autobiographical memories. In a related line of work, my colleagues and I examine how the various forms of comparison that individuals explicitly or implicitly engage in shape their cognitions, emotions, and behaviors. This includes comparisons with other individuals (social comparisons), but also mental comparisons between the self and internalized standards (that is, between the actual and the ideal self). Finally, from the perspective of terror management theory, I study how individuals deal with negative thoughts and emotions.
One recent discovery in my research program concerns the direct causal link between failure (negative comparison between the self and the standards) and suicide thought accessibility (Chatard & Selimbegovic, 2011). In several studies, we found that when (normal) individuals realize that they fall short of an important standard, they often show increased accessibility of suicide-related thoughts. Our work suggests that this occurs because failure triggers the goal to escape from self.
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- Chatard, A., Guimond, S., & Selimbegović, L. (2007). "How good are you in math?" The effect of gender stereotypes on students' recollection of their school marks. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 1017-1024.
- Chatard, A., Pyszczynski, T., Arndt, J., Selimbegović, L., Konan, P., & Van Der Linden, M. (2012). Extent of trauma exposure and PTSD symptom severity as predictors of anxiety-buffer functioning. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4, 47-55.
- Chatard, A., & Selimbegović, L. (2011). When self-destructive thoughts flash through the mind: Failure to meet standards affects the accessibility of suicide-related thoughts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 587-605.
- Chatard, A., Selimbegović, L., Konan, P., Arndt, J., Pyszczynski, T., Lorenzi-Cioldi, F., & Van Der Linden, M. (2011). Terror management in times of war: Mortality salience effects on self-esteem and governmental and army support. Journal of Peace Research, 48, 225-234.
- Chatard, A., Selimbegović, L., Konan, P., & Mugny, G. (2008). Performance boosts in the classroom: Stereotype endorsement and prejudice moderate stereotype lift. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1421-1424.
- Guimond, S., Branscombe, N. R., Brunot, S., Buunk, P., Chatard, A., Désert, M., Garcia, D. M., Haque, S., Martinot, D., & Yzerbyt, V. (2007). Culture, gender, and the self: Variations and impact of social comparison processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 1118-1134.
- Guimond, S., Chatard, A., Martinot, D., Crisp, R., & Redersdorff, S. (2006). Social comparison, self-stereotyping, and gender differences in self-construals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 221-242.
- Emotion Regulation
- Experimental Existential Psychology
- Experimental Method
- Introduction to Social Psychology and Social Cognition
- Self-Affirmation Theory
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage
UMR CNRS 7295 Université de Poitiers
Bâtiment A5, 5 rue Théodore Lefebvre